Tegh Bahadur. The ninth Guru of the Sikhs lived during one of the most turbulent time in Indian history.
His grandfather the fifth Guru Arjan Dev was martyred by Mughal emperor Jahangir for refusing to embrace Islam and his father the sixth Guru Hargobind had several wars forced upon him by Emperor Jahangir and his successor Shah Jahan.
Tyranny and religious persecution of Hindus and Sikhs reached its peak when Aurangzeb ascended to the throne in Delhi. He had long cherished the ambition of converting India to a land of Islam and vigorously started destroying Temples and forcing Hindus to embrace Islam or face death.
Guru Tegh Bahadur agreed to visit Aurangzeb in Delhi to ask him to stop the persecution and murder of Hindus. He was arrested on the way and brought in chains to Delhi. Aurangzeb asked him to embrace Islam or show a miracle to save his life.
Guru Tegh Bahadur refused and was executed with three of his companions. Guru Tegh Bahadur deeply imbued with the spirit of kindness and self sacrifice.
Fearlessly stood up for the Hindus and died defending their right to worship and the freedom to practice their religion even though he did not subscribe to the Hindu faith or to its philosophy.